Pregnant Workers Fairness Act Goes Into Effect


Part of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2022, effective June 27, 2023, the Pregnant Workers Fairness Act (PWFA) requires employers with 15 or more employees to provide reasonable accommodations for job applicants and employees with known limitations related to pregnancy, childbirth and related medical conditions. The PWFA covers only accommodations and does not replace federal, state, or local laws that are more protective of workers. Existing laws enforced by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) protect workers from discrimination or termination based on these conditions.

Reasonable accommodations must be made unless the accommodation would impose an undue hardship on the employer’s business operations.

Covered employers cannot:

  • Require an employee to accept an accommodation without a discussion about the accommodation between the worker and the employer
  • Deny a job or other employment opportunities to a qualified employee or applicant based on the person’s need for a reasonable accommodation
  • Require an employee to take leave if another reasonable accommodation can be provided that would let the employee keep working
  • Retaliate against an individual for reporting or opposing unlawful discrimination under the PWFA or participating in a PWFA proceeding (such as an investigation)
  • Interfere with any individual’s rights under the PWFA

The EEOC will issue proposed regulations for comment before the final regulations take effect.

This information is general and is provided for educational purposes only. It reflects UBA’s understanding of the available guidance as of the date shown and is subject to change. It is not intended to provide legal advice. You should not act on this information without consulting legal counsel or other knowledgeable advisors.

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